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型 is often used in Japanese martial arts to mean a certain set of movements and techniques.
The meaning in other context (and in Chinese or Korean) can be model, type, style, pattern, mold, mould, template, or form.
One Japanese dictionary defines it as, "standard form of a movement, posture, etc. in martial arts, sport, etc."
The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji(Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|Kata||卡塔||kǎ tǎ / ka3 ta3 / ka ta / kata||k`a t`a / kata / ka ta|
|Kata||型||kata||xíng / xing2 / xing||hsing|