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5. Jesus Christ
耶穌 is simply the name "Jesus" transliterated into Chinese. 耶穌 hold a pronunciation in Mandarin that is closer to the real and original Hebrew Yeshua, instead of the incorrect way we have always pronounced Jesus in English with a hard "J" sound. While this name sounds like the real "Jesus" in Chinese, Christians in China are more likely to say "Christ" (Jidu) which holds more meaning than just sound.
If you are Latino and have been given the name "Jesus," this is also how to write your name in Chinese.
ジーザス is the name Jesus written in Katakana (phonetic Japanese).
ジーザス is a common version that approximates pronunciation in English. However, there are many variations for writing Jesus in Japanese, and it's hard to come up with an absolute answer (transliteration of names is more art than science).
Note: Because this title is entirely Japanese Katakana , it should be written by a Japanese calligrapher.
This how to write "Christ" in Chinese characters, Korean Hanja, and Japanese Kanji. 基督 is the word used in the Chinese Union Bible (the only readily-available translation of the Bible into Chinese that I know of - published about 100 years ago). For Chinese Christians, this is the most common way to refer to Jesus Christ.
基督 is also the way that "Christ" is written in Japanese. But since the Japanese language is very flexible about the sounds that can be assigned to various Kanji, these characters have been assigned a pronunciation that sounds a lot like "Christ" or actually closer to the original "Christos." In Japanese (if you don't know how the Romaji shown above in the gray box works) it sounds like "key ree sue toe" using English words/sounds. Say those four words really fast and you'll get it.
It should be noted that only Japanese Christians will be familiar with this word.
基督 is best defined, read and understood with the characters together but if you take this word for Christ apart, the first character means "fundamentals" or "foundation." The second character can mean "leader" or "boss."
耶穌是我的生命 means Jesus is my life in Chinese.
The first two characters are a transliteration of the name Jesus into Mandarin Chinese.
The third character means, is.
The fourth and fifth mean, my or mine.
The last two characters mean life, as in lifespan, or from birth to death.
This is not a common phrase for Chinese Christians, but this is the best way to translate this idea from English to Mandarin Chinese.
基督徒 is a very strong and direct word in Chinese for "Christian."
The literal translation of the first two characters is "Christ."
The last character means apprentice, follower, or disciple.
Altogether these three characters mean "Christ's Disciple" or "Christ's Apprentice." 基督徒 is a pretty cool title to hang on your wall if you are a devout Christian.
Also used by Japanese Christians (but may be unfamiliar to non-Christian Japanese people).
基督教徒 is the most verbose (longest) word for "Christian" in the Chinese and Japanese languages.
The literal translation of the first two characters is Christ.
The third Character means "Religion" or "Teaching."
The last character means "apprentice" or "disciple."
Altogether these three characters mean "Christ's Teaching Disciple" or "Christ's Religion Apprentice."
Note: The last two characters are sometimes translated together as "follower (of a religion)," so you could also say it means "Follower of Christ."
This four-character title makes it very clear what you are talking about in Chinese.
福音 is the Chinese, Korean and Japanese word for "Gospel" or "Word of God." 福音 is a specifically Christian word in Asia (not used for any other religion).
The first character means "blessing," "good fortune" or "good luck." This first character is a special character used throughout China to bring good tidings and fortune - especially during Chinese New Years. The second character means "sound," "noise" or "news."
Together, these characters create a word that means "The Good News" or "The Sound of Good Fortune."
When read by a Chinese or Japanese person, this word is always perceived as "The Christian Gospel," "Word of God," or even "The Voice of God."
基督教 is the Chinese, Japanese and Korean word for "Christianity."
Just as in English, this word is often used to mean "Protestant" but includes Catholics in the true definition.
It is the word used to refer to the whole "Christian religion" or "Christian Faith" and therefore, it can be translated as "Christianity." However, used as an adjective in regards to a person, it would translate as "Christian." But more like saying "His religion is Christianity" rather than a noun form.
If you break it apart, the characters mean Base/Foundation Leading/Supervising Religion/Teaching. It makes more sense in Japanese, Chinese, and Korean. The first two characters together are translated as "Christ." So you can also say this means "Christ's Religion" or "Christ's Teachings" when directly translated, or in reverse, "The Religion of Christ" or "The Teaching of Christ."
Notes: The last character has a slight difference in one stroke - however, in calligraphic form, this will not be apparent. This entry can easily be read by any Korean person who knows Hanja characters (Chinese characters used in Korean).
復活 is the Chinese, Japanese and Korean word for resurrection or rebirth. Basically this means "return to life."
It is the term used in most Asian Bibles to refer to the resurrection of Christ. In Japanese, it is sometimes used to mean a Christian Revival. In some context it can mean resuscitation.
The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji(Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|yē sū / ye1 su1 / ye su / yesu||yeh su / yehsu|
|Jesus||ジーザス||jiizasu / jizasu|
|Christ||基督||kirisuto||jī dū / ji1 du1 / ji du / jidu||chi tu / chitu|
|Jesus Christ is my Savior||耶穌基督是我救主|
|yē sū jī dū shì wǒ jiù zhǔ|
ye1 su1 ji1 du1 shi4 wo3 jiu4 zhu3
ye su ji du shi wo jiu zhu
|yeh su chi tu shih wo chiu chu
|Jesus Christ is My Savior||イエスキリストは私の救い主です||Iesu kirisuto wa watashi no sukuinushi desu|
|yē sū jī dū|
ye1 su1 ji1 du1
ye su ji du
|yeh su chi tu
|Jesus is my Savior||耶穌是我救主|
|yē sū shì wǒ jiù zhǔ|
ye1 su1 shi4 wo3 jiu4 zhu3
ye su shi wo jiu zhu
|yeh su shih wo chiu chu
|Jesus is my Savior||イエスは私の救い主です||iesu wa watashi no sukuinushi desu|
|Jesus is Lord||耶穌是主|
|yē sū shì zhǔ|
ye1 su1 shi4 zhu3
ye su shi zhu
|yeh su shih chu
|Jesus is Lord||イエスは主である||Iesu wa omodearu|
|Jesus is My Life||耶穌是我的生命|
|yē sū shì wǒ de shēng mìng|
ye1 su1 shi4 wo3 de sheng1 ming4
ye su shi wo de sheng ming
|yeh su shih wo te sheng ming
|Jesus Christ is Love||耶穌基督是愛|
|yē sū jī dū shì ài|
ye1 su1 ji1 du1 shi4 ai4
ye su ji du shi ai
|yeh su chi tu shih ai
Disciple of Christ
|基督徒||kirisuto||jī dū tú|
ji1 du1 tu2
ji du tu
|chi tu t`u
chi tu tu
|Disciple of Christianity||基督教徒||kirisutokyouto|
|jī dū jiào tú|
ji1 du1 jiao4 tu2
ji du jiao tu
|chi tu chiao t`u
chi tu chiao tu
|Word of God|
|福音||fukuin||fú yīn / fu2 yin1 / fu yin / fuyin|
|jī dū jiào|
ji1 du1 jiao4
ji du jiao
|chi tu chiao
|hukkatsu / hukatsu||fù huó / fu4 huo2 / fu huo / fuhuo|
|In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.|
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.