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12. Romantic Passion
This Chinese word can mean desirous, wishful, or simply desire.
The first character means to thirst for [something], or to be thirsty. The second character means to hope for, to expect, to gaze (into the distance) or to look for something. The combined meaning of these two characters changes a bit but I think it's nice to know the individual meanings to give you a better understanding of where a word comes from.
Korean definitions of this word include craving, longing, and thirst for knowledge.
This Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and old Korean Hanja word means, to aspire, longing for, or burning desire.
The first character means hot, heated, or burning.
The second character means hope, expectations, aspiration, or desire.
慾 means desire, longing, appetite, wish, covetousness, greed, passion, desire, avarice, and craving.
慾 is universal in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and Korean Hanja.
The context in which this character is used, determines whether the meaning is good or bad. As a single character on a wall scroll, you get to decide what the definition is to you (hopefully more toward desire than greed).
Please note that Japanese use a simplified version of this character - it also happens to be the same simplification used in mainland China. Click on the character to the right if you want the Japanese/Simplified version of desire.
The first character of this word means desire, longing, hunger, covetousness, greed, passion, desire, craving, or wish. The second character means to hope for, ambition, to desire, to aspire, to expect, to gaze (into the distance) or to look for something.
Together, they create a word that means strong desire, while some might translate it as "lust."
At the core of suffering is often the concept of desire or attachment.
This can be carnal desire, monetary desire, or the attachment you have to something that you are unwilling to part with (such as a fancy car). 集諦 is a simplification of the second noble truth which is really and exploration into the root causes of suffering - it's deeper than I can go in a few sentences.
This term is exclusively used by devout Buddhists. It is not a common term, and is remains an unknown concept to most Chinese, Japanese and Korean people.
Once you eliminate desire or attachment to worldly things, only then can you achieve enlightenment.
This term is exclusively used by devout Buddhists. It is not a common term, and is remains an unknown concept to most Japanese, Korean, and Chinese people.
情欲 can be defined as lust, sexual desire, sensual desire, carnal desire, carnal passions, sexual desire, and passion.
The first character means feeling, emotions, passionate, sympathy, affection, love, compassion, tender feelings, and sometimes circumstances or facts.
The second character means desire, longing, appetite, wish, covetousness, greed, passion, desire, and craving.
情欲 is universal in Chinese, Japanese Kanji, and Korean Hanja.
望 holds the ideas of ambition, hope, desire, aspiring to, expectations, looking towards, to gaze (into the distance), and in some context full moon rising.
望 is one of those single characters that is vague but in that vagueness, in also means many things.
望 is a whole word in Chinese and old Korean but is seldom seen alone in Japanese. Still, it holds the meanings noted above in all three languages.
Also means "strong emotion" or "fervor."
The meaning in Japanese is a little more radical, as beyond "passion" it can be understood as "violent emotion" or "fury."
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The following table may be helpful for those studying Chinese or Japanese...
|Title||Characters||Romaji(Romanized Japanese)||Various forms of Romanized Chinese|
|Desire||渴望||kě wàng / ke3 wang4 / ke wang / kewang||k`o wang / kowang / ko wang|
|Desire||德西雷||dé xī léi|
de2 xi1 lei2
de xi lei
|te hsi lei
|netsubou / netsubo||rè wàng / re4 wang4 / re wang / rewang||je wang / jewang|
|yoku||yù / yu4 / yu||yü|
|欲望||yokubou / yokubo||yù wàng / yu4 wang4 / yu wang / yuwang||yü wang / yüwang|
|gan bou / ganbou / gan bo / ganbo||yuàn wàng|
|Four Noble Truths: Desire and Attachment||集諦|
|jittai||jí dì / ji2 di4 / ji di / jidi||chi ti / chiti|
|Four Noble Truths: Elimination of Desire||滅諦|
|mettai||miè dì / mie4 di4 / mie di / miedi||mieh ti / miehti|
|情欲||jouyoku / joyoku||qíng yù / qing2 yu4 / qing yu / qingyu||ch`ing yü / chingyü / ching yü|
|Great Expectations||望||bou / nozomi|
bo / nozomi
|wàng / wang4 / wang|
|Hope||希望||ki bou / kibou / ki bo / kibo||xī wàng / xi1 wang4 / xi wang / xiwang||hsi wang / hsiwang|
|Romantic Passion||激情||gekijou / gekijo||jī qíng / ji1 qing2 / ji qing / jiqing||chi ch`ing / chiching / chi ching|
|In some entries above you will see that characters have different versions above and below a line.|
In these cases, the characters above the line are Traditional Chinese, while the ones below are Simplified Chinese.